Melanin is the substance responsible for determining skin colour. It may be concentrated in some areas more so than others, causing a darker appearance in skin. Darker skin types contain a more concentrated amount of melanin than paler skins.
UV exposure stimulate cells to produce pigment called melanin. This increases the amount of pigment in skin.
Characterised by irregular pigmentation (eg. freckles, age spots, uneven skin tone) where the melanin is scattered in the skin causing small brown spots. Freckles tend to fade when sun exposure is limited. Age spots are the result of continuous damage to the area of the skin by UV rays and once established, don’t fade without treatment.
Caused by long term exposure to ultraviolet rays and sun beds
Symmetrical brown patches that appear on sun-exposed areas of skin, most often the forehead, cheeks, bridge of nose, upper lip, chin.
Causes- UV exposure, hormones, genetics and medications are responsible.
Post-Inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH)
Characterised by brown patches found in areas of the skin that have been subjected to trauma, inflammation or a combination of both
Common causes of inflammation include acne, eczema and psoriasis
Can anything help?
How do we treat pigmentation?
Alumier MD produces natural, environmentally friendly and pollutant free skincare products to treat different forms of pigmentation.
1. Skin lightening creams have become more advanced over recent years, hence becoming more popular. Natural extracts such as arbutin, kojic acid, niacinamide (Vitamin B3) and bearberry are effective utilising natural and safe ingredients. Most of the ingredients are tolerable by majority of skin types.
2. Products which inhibit the production of melanocytes (the pigment producing cells) prevent skin pigmentation.
3. AHAs and or Retinols increases cell turnover and sheds pigmented skin cells. Other exfoliating peels may be used in conjunction with exfoliants, but advice should be gained from your health care professional for bespoke regimes